1 being of the achromatic color of maximum lightness; having little or no hue owing to reflection of almost all incident light; "as white as fresh snow"; "a bride's white dress" [syn: white] [ant: black]
2 being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light; "black leather jackets"; "as black as coal"; "rich black soil" [syn: black] [ant: white]
3 having no hue [ant: chromatic]
EtymologyGreek colorless; privative + color: compare French achromatique
- Free from color; transmitting light without color-related distortion.
- Containing components such as achromatic lenses and prisms, designed to prevent color-related distortion.
- Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; -- said of tissue
- Having only the diatonic notes of the scale; not modified by accidentals.
- Being achromatic in subject: "The lecture was achromatic, the speaker used politics to suppress the weight of his/her subject."
- Chinese: 消色差的(1,2); 非染色性的(3)
- Italian: acromatico (all)
- This article is about the color. For other uses, see Grey (disambiguation) and Gray (disambiguation).
In color theory
Most grey pigments have a cool or warm cast to them, as the human eye can detect even a minute amount of saturation. Yellow, orange and red create a "warm grey". Green, blue, or purple, create a "cool grey". When there is no cast at all, it is referred to as "neutral grey" or simply "grey". Two colors are called complementary colors if grey is produced when they are combined. Grey is its own complement. Consequently, grey remains grey when its color spectrum is inverted, and so has no opposite, or alternately is its own opposite.
Artists sometimes use the two different spellings to distinguish between strict combinations of black and white versus combinations that have elements of hue.
There are several shades of grey available for use with HTML and CSS in word form, while there are 254 true greys available through Hex triplet. All are spelled with an a: using the e spelling can cause unexpected errors with outdated browsers (this discrepancy was inherited from the X11 color list), and to this day, Internet Explorer's Trident browser engine does not recognize "grey" and will not render it. Another anomaly is that "gray" is in fact much darker than the X11 color marked "darkgray;" this is because of a conflict with the original HTML gray and the X11's "gray," which is closer to HTML's "silver." The three "slategray" colors are not themselves on the greyscale, but are slightly saturated towards cyan (green + blue). Note that since there are an even (256, including black and white) number of unsaturated shades of grey, there are actually two grey tones straddling the midpoint in the 8-bit grayscale. The color name "gray" has been assigned the lighter of the two shades (128 also known as #808080), due to rounding up. In browsers that support it, "grey" has the same color as "gray."
- Grey values result when r = g = b, for the color (r, g, b): Grey values are produced by c = m = y = 0, for the color (c, m, y, k). Lightness is adjusted by varying k. In theory, any mixture where c = m = y is neutral, but in practice such mixtures are often a muddy brown (see CMYK#Why black ink is used).:Greys result whenever s is 0 or undefined, as is the case when v is 0 or l is 0 or 1
In human cultureEnvironmentalism
- In a moral sense grey is either used
- pejoratively to describe situations that have no clear moral value, or
- positively to balance an all-black or all-white view (for example, shades of grey represent magnitudes of good and bad).
- In folklore, grey is often associated with goblin folk of several kinds. Scandinavian folklore often depicts their gnomes and nisser in grey clothing. This is partly because of their association with dusk, partly because these races, including elves (see below), often are outside moral standards (black or white).
Literature / Film / Music
- In J. R. R. Tolkien's works:
- Rand al'Thor of Robert Jordan's Wheel of Time is described as having grey eyes.
- In the series The T*Witches, those of magical power are described as having grey eyes.
- In Michael Ende's Momo, the men in grey are malicious spirits who prey on people's time and trick them into "saving" it.
- In Don DeLillo's 1985 novel White Noise, the inventor of Dylar is at first only referred to as Mr. Gray.
- Fafhrd and the Gray Mouser are two seminal sword-and-sorcery fantasy heroes created by Fritz Leiber.
- The Brenin Llwyd, the eponymous antagonist of The Grey King, by Susan Cooper.
- The Picture of Dorian Gray, by Oscar Wilde
- Gray Lady Down, an action film about a stranded submarine.
- A purposely nonsensical line in Paul Simon's song "I Do It For Your Love": "We were married / On a rainy day / The sky was yellow / And the grass was gray."
- A song from The Kinks Muswell Hillbillies album is titled Here Come the People in Grey.
Sociology Sound Engineering
- Aging hair is often perceived as being grey although it is actually white, because white hairs next to other colors look comparatively darker. Hence grey is associated with the elderly, and has inspired the name of the Gray Panthers and expressions such as Grey pound.
- Hence the inspiration for the song The Old Gray Mare, and punning reference such as the Bugs Bunny cartoon with the double-play-on-words title The Old Grey Hare.
- In the American Civil War, Confederate Army uniforms were grey, and the war was sometimes called "The Blue and the Grey".
- Naval camouflage using shades of grey were used during the World Wars because of advances in Naval Warfare.
- Feldgrau (field grey) was a common color of Wehrmacht uniforms.
- Urban camouflage is composed of patches of shades of grey, while woodland camouflage uses ranges of brown and green.
- Martin Bormann was called the grey eminence because as the executive secretary to Adolf Hitler, he amassed great power behind the scene because he was the one who controlled access to the Führer. The phrase originated as a description of François Leclerc du Tremblay, the French monk who served as advisor to Cardinal de Richelieu.
- It has been asserted that those who are suffering from the mental illness of depression have grey auras.
- A "grey person" is someone who goes unnoticed, a wallflower.
- In the bandana code of the gay leather subculture, wearing a grey bandana means that one is into the fetish of bondage.
- In gay slang, a grey queen is a gay person who works for the financial services industry (this term originates from the fact that in the 1950s, people who worked in this profession often wore grey flannel suits).
- There was once an American football bowl game featuring a northern squad vs. a southern squad, and known as the Blue-Gray Game.
- Grey Cup, emblematic of the championship of the Canadian Football League, named for its donor, Albert Grey, 4th Earl Grey.
- In baseball, grey is the color typically used for road uniforms.
achromatic in Aragonese: Griso
achromatic in Guarani: Hũngy
achromatic in Aymara: Uqi
achromatic in Banyumasan: Abu-Abu
achromatic in Belarusian: Шэры колер
achromatic in Catalan: Gris
achromatic in Czech: Šedá
achromatic in Danish: Grå
achromatic in Pennsylvania German: Groh
achromatic in German: Grau
achromatic in Modern Greek (1453-): Γκρι
achromatic in Spanish: Gris
achromatic in Esperanto: Griza
achromatic in Basque: Gris
achromatic in Persian: خاکستری
achromatic in French: Gris
achromatic in Korean: 회색
achromatic in Indonesian: Abu-abu
achromatic in Italian: Grigio
achromatic in Hebrew: אפור
achromatic in Haitian: Gri
achromatic in Latin: Canus
achromatic in Luxembourgish: Gro
achromatic in Lithuanian: Pilka
achromatic in Malay (macrolanguage): Kelabu
achromatic in Dutch: Grijs
achromatic in Japanese: 灰色
achromatic in Chechen: Сира
achromatic in Norwegian: Grå
achromatic in Norwegian Nynorsk: Grå
achromatic in Narom: Gris
achromatic in Polish: Szary
achromatic in Portuguese: Cinza
achromatic in Romanian: Gri
achromatic in Quechua: Uqi
achromatic in Russian: Серый цвет
achromatic in Simple English: Gray
achromatic in Slovak: Sivá
achromatic in Finnish: Harmaa
achromatic in Swedish: Grå
achromatic in Thai: สีเทา
achromatic in Vietnamese: Xám
achromatic in Turkish: Gri
achromatic in Ukrainian: Сірий колір
achromatic in Chinese: 灰色